Association of serum neurofilament light chain and glial fibrillary acidic protein levels with cognitive decline in Parkinson’s disease
Brain Research | February 11, 2023
Mao S, Teng X, Li Z, Zu J, Zhang T, Xu C, Cui G.
Brain Res. 2023
To investigate whether serum neurofilament light chain (NfL) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) levels are associated with motor and cognitive function in Parkinson’s disease (PD).
This cross-sectional study recruited 140 participants, including 103 PD patients and 37 healthy controls (HC). Serum NfL and GFAP levels were measured using the ultrasensitive single-molecule array (Simoa) technique. Motor and cognitive function were evaluated using the Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale Part III (MDS-UPDRS III) and Beijing version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Spearman’s correlation analyses were used to determine the correlation between serum NfL and GFAP levels and clinical features in PD patients. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association between serum biomarkers and cognitive impairment in PD patients.
We observed significantly higher serum NfL and GFAP levels in PD patients than in HC (p < 0.001). Serum NfL and GFAP levels were negatively correlated with MoCA scores (NfL: r = − 0.472, p < 0.001; r = 0.395, p < 0.001) and multiple cognitive domains and showed no correlation with motor symptom severity after adjusting for age and sex. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that the serum NfL and GFAP levels were independent contributors to PD with dementia (p < 0.05).
Both serum NfL and GFAP levels correlated with cognitive impairment, but not motor symptoms, in PD patients. Serum NfL and GFAP levels can serve as biomarkers for PD patients at risk of cognitive decline.
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