Publications & Posters

The diagnostic and prognostic capabilities of plasma biomarkers in Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s and Dementia | January 25, 2021

Simrén J, Leuzy A, Karikari TK, Hye A, Benedet AL, Lantero-Rodriguez J, Mattsson-Carlgren N, Schöll M, Mecocci P, Vellas B, Tsolaki M, Kloszewska I, Soininen H, Lovestone S, Aarsland D, Hansson O, Rosa-Neto P, Westman E, Blennow K, Zetterberg H and Ashton NJ

Alzheimer’s & dementia : the journal of the Alzheimer’s Association. 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/alz.12283

Abstract

Introduction

This study investigated the diagnostic and disease‐monitoring potential of plasma biomarkers in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) dementia and cognitively unimpaired (CU) individuals.

Methods

Plasma was analyzed using Simoa assays from 99 CU, 107 MCI, and 103 AD dementia participants.

Results

Phosphorylated‐tau181 (P‐tau181), neurofilament light, amyloid‐β (Aβ42/40), Total‐tau and Glial fibrillary acidic protein were altered in AD dementia but P‐tau181 significantly outperformed all biomarkers in differentiating AD dementia from CU (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.91). P‐tau181 was increased in MCI converters compared to non‐converters. Higher P‐tau181 was associated with steeper cognitive decline and gray matter loss in temporal regions. Longitudinal change of P‐tau181 was strongly associated with gray matter loss in the full sample and with Aβ measures in CU individuals.

Discussion

P‐tau181 detected AD at MCI and dementia stages and was strongly associated with cognitive decline and gray matter loss. These findings highlight the potential value of plasma P‐tau181 as a non‐invasive and cost‐effective diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in AD.

This study was performed using the Quanterix HD-1 Analyzer.