Plasma Neurofilaments Correlate With Disability In Progressive Multiple Sclerosis Patients
ACTA NEUROLOGICA SCANDINAVICA
Diana Ferraro, Claudio Guicciardi, Sara De Biasi, Marcello Pinti, Roberta Bedin, Valentina Camera, Francesca Vitetta, Milena Nasi, Stefano Meletti, Patrizia Sola
Acta Neurol Scand. 2019 Jul 27. doi: 10.1111/ane.13152.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood neurofilaments (NFLs) are markers of axonal damage and are being investigated, mostly in relapsing-remitting (RR) MS, as a marker of disease activity and of response to treatment, while there are less data in progressive MS patients. Primary aim was to measure NFL in plasma samples of untreated patients with primary (PP) and secondary (SP) progressive MS and to correlate them with disability, disease severity, and prior/subsequent disability progression.
Materials And Methods:
Neurofilament concentrations were measured using SIMOA (Single Molecule Array, Simoa HD-1 Analyzer; Quanterix).
Neurofilament concentrations were measured on plasma samples of 70 progressive (27 PP and 43 SP), 21 RRMS patients, and 10 HCs. Longitudinal plasma NFL (pNFL) concentrations (median interval between sampling: 25 months) were available for nine PP/SP patients. PNFL concentrations were significantly higher in PP/SP compared to RRMS patients. They correlated with EDSS and MS Severity Score values. There was no difference in pNFL levels between PP/SP patients with EDSS progression in the preceding year (14% of patients) or during a median follow-up of 27 months (41%). In the longitudinal sub-study, pNFL levels increased in all patients between sampling by a mean value of 23% while EDSS mostly remained stable (77% of cases).
In PP/SP progressive MS patients, pNFL levels correlate with disability and increase over time, but are not associated with prior/subsequent disability progression, as measured by EDSS, which may not be a sufficiently sensitive tool in this context.