Elevated β-secretase 1 expression mediates CD4(+) T cell dysfunction via PGE2 signalling in Alzheimer’s disease
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity | September 6, 2021
Dai L, Wang Q, Lv X, Gao F, Chen Z and Shen Y
Brain, behavior, and immunity. 2021;98:337-348
Circulating CD4+ T cells are dysfunctional in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), however, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not clear. In this study, we demonstrate that CD4+ T cells from AD patients and 5xFAD transgenic mice exhibit elevated levels of β-secretase 1 (BACE1). Overexpression of BACE1 in CD4+ T cells potentiated CD4+ T-cell activation and T-cell-dependent immune responses. Mechanistically, BACE1 modulates prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthetase—microsomal prostaglandin E synthase 2 (mPGES2)—to promote mPGES2 maturation and PGE2 production, which increases T-cell receptor (TCR) signalling. Moreover, administration of peripheral PGE2 signalling antagonists partially ameliorates CD4+ T cell overactivation and AD pathology in 5xFAD mice. Overall, our results reveal a potential role for BACE1 in mediating CD4+ T-cell dysfunction in AD.