Analytical Chemistry | October 25, 2016
Trinh L. Dinh, Kevin C. Ngan, Charles B. Shoemaker, and David R. Walt
This paper provides insights into the performance of single-molecule array (Simoa) immunoassay by examining the effects of various capture and detector antibody-antigen binding kinetic parameters. Simoa is similar to other immunoassays in that the overall Simoa performance is heavily dependent on the choice of antibodies; however, little is known about how the different properties of the antibodies result in the wide variations in assay performance. Here, we focus on antibody-antigen binding kinetics and demonstrate how the association (kon) and dissociation (koff) rate constants of the capture and detection antibodies affect Simoa performance. We compared six different antibodies with over a four-log range of equilibrium dissociation constants (KD) and found that Simoa assay performance had an inverse relationship to the koff value of the detection antibody. The Simoa fluorescent signals were highest when the koff of the detection antibody was less than 10-5 s-1. The capture antibody koff did not have as significant an effect but a koff less than 10-3 s-1 was preferred. We also found that the kon values of the capture and detection antibodies were not important factors for Simoa performance. Therefore, the assay optimization process could be accelerated by choosing detection antibodies with the slowest koff values.
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