Seroconversion in septic ICU patients presenting with COVID-19: necessary but not sufficient
Archives of Medical Research | September 6, 2021
Conti F, Oriol G, Cheynet V, Tardiveau C, Cerrato E, Rimmelé T, Lukaszewicz AC, Argaud L, Cour M, Brengel-Pesce K, Venet F and Monneret G
Arch Med Res. 2021
This study was performed using the Quanterix HD-1 Analyzer.
As COVID-19 pandemic and vaccination effects progress, research now focuses on adaptive immunological response to SARS-CoV-2. Few studies specifically investigated intensive care unit (ICU) patients, and little is known about kinetics of humoral response in such critically ill patients. In this context, the main objective of the present work was to perform a longitudinal analysis of the humoral response in critically ill COVID-19 patients with prolonged ICU stays in regard with initial inflammatory response, disease severity and mortality.
Over a 3 week period, circulating immunoglobulins (Ig) against SARS-CoV-2 along with several immunological and clinical parameters were measured in 64 ICU COVID-19 patients.
Critically ill COVID-19 patients mounted a dynamic and sustained antibody response of both IgM and IgG as soon as the first day of ICU hospitalization. This serological response was not associated with any of the classical immunological parameters measured at ICU admission or with initial severity clinical scores. IgM and IgG levels and seroconversion trajectories were not associated with unfavourable outcome.
Despite rapid seroconversion and elevated humoral response, COVID-19 patients are still characterized by elevated mortality. Additional studies, including cytotoxic T cell functions, are mandatory to understand the immunological mechanisms contributing to long stay of COVID-19 patients in ICU.
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