Rppas For Cell Subpopulation Analysis
December 10, 2019
Kume K and Nishizuka SS.
Reverse Phase Protein Arrays: From Technical and Analytical Fundamentals to Applications Singapore: Springer Singapore; 2019: 227-237.
Understanding cellular heterogeneity is a challenge for cell biology, particularly in the fields of stem cell and cancer biology. We recently established a reverse phase protein array (RPPA)-modified method, colony lysate array (CoLA), which enables proteomic profiling of individual subpopulations (i.e., colonies) derived from various cell proliferative conditions. Here we describe two independent CoLA assays for a functional subpopulation, drug-tolerant persisters (DTPs), which are considered to mimic the origin of chemotherapeutic cancer relapse. In the first study, we analyzed individual DTPs derived from different cell types grown in the presence of different drugs. A hierarchical clustering analysis of DTPs using CoLA revealed two types of clonal populations, including those that expressed stem cell-associated proteins as well as epithelium-associated proteins. Subsequent principal component analyses demonstrated that the DTPs clustered on the basis of their proteomic profiles, which could change in response to drugs and doses. Another study was designed to identify signaling pathways that may be associated with drug resistance using a pair of 5-fluorouracil-tolerant and parental gastric cancer cell lines. Although a hierarchical clustering analysis did not show any specific clusters for the tolerant line, a drug dose-response analysis revealed that phosphorylation of PI3K and AKT increased and decreased, respectively, specifically in the tolerant cell line. These frameworks that readily profile small subpopulations isolated from an external stresses may be applicable to a wide variety of heterogeneous cellular samples.
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