Plasma p217+tau versus NAV4694 amyloid and MK6240 tau PET across the Alzheimer’s continuum
Alzheimer’s and Dementia | April 5, 2022
Doré V, Doecke JD, Saad ZS, Triana-Baltzer G, Slemmon R, Krishnadas N, Bourgeat P, Huang K, Burnham S, Fowler C, Rainey-Smith SR, Bush AI, Ward L, Robertson J, Martins RN, Masters CL, Villemagne VL, Fripp J, Kolb HC and Rowe CC
Alzheimer’s & Dementia (Amsterdam, Netherlands). 2022;14:e12307
This study was performed using Simoa Homebrew assay(s).
We evaluated a new Simoa plasma assay for phosphorylated tau (P-tau) at aa217 enhanced by additional p-tau sites (p217+tau).
Plasma p217+tau levels were compared to 18F-NAV4694 amyloid beta (Aβ) positron emission tomography (PET) and 18F-MK6240 tau PET in 174 cognitively impaired (CI) and 223 cognitively unimpaired (CU) participants.
Compared to Aβ− CU, the plasma levels of p217+tau increased 2-fold in Aβ+ CU and 3.5-fold in Aβ+ CI. In Aβ− the p217+tau levels did not differ significantly between CU and CI. P217+tau correlated with Aβ centiloids P = .67 (CI, P = .64; CU, P = .45) and tau SUVRMT P = .63 (CI, P = .69; CU, P = .34). Area under curve (AUC) for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) dementia versus Aβ− CU was 0.94, for AD dementia versus other dementia was 0.93, for Aβ+ versus Aβ− PET was 0.89, and for tau+ versus tau− PET was 0.89.
Plasma p217+tau levels elevate early in the AD continuum and correlate well with Aβ and tau PET.