IFN-α: A key therapeutic target for multiple autoimmune rheumatic diseases
Drug Discovery Today | July 3, 2021
De Ceuninck F, Duguet F, Aussy A, Laigle L and Moingeon P
Drug Discovery Today. 2021
Interferon (IFN)-α has emerged as a major therapeutic target for several autoimmune rheumatic diseases. In this review, we focus on clinical and preclinical advances in anti-IFN-α treatments in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS), systemic sclerosis (SSc), and dermatomyositis (DM), for which a high medical need persists. Promising achievements were obtained following direct IFN-α neutralization, targeting its production through the cytosolic nucleic acid sensor pathways or by blocking its downstream effects through the type I IFN receptor. We further focus on molecular profiling and data integration approaches as crucial steps to select patients most likely to benefit from anti-IFN-α therapies within a precision medicine approach.
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