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A Fully-automated, Six-plex Single Molecule Immunoassay For Measuring Cytokines In Blood

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Journal Of Immunological Methods | May 14, 2015

Rivnak, A.J., et al.,
Journal of Immunological Methods

Abstract: We report a system and assay for performing fully-automated measurement of 6 proteins simultaneously with single molecule sensitivity. The system combines handling of samples, reagents, and consumables, with a module for imaging single molecule arrays (Simoa) to enable immunoassays that have high sensitivity (~ fg/mL), are multiplexed, and are fully-automated. A 6-plex cytokine Simoa assay for IL-6, TNF-α, GM-CSF, IL-10, IL-1β, and IL-1α was developed on the system. The assays had limits of detection in the range 0.01–0.03 pg/mL, and the average imprecision (CV) of the Simoa signal was 4.2%. This assay was used to measure the concentrations of these cytokines in the plasma of patients with Crohn’s Disease (CD), before and after treatment with anti-TNF-α antibody drugs, and in the serum of Type 1 diabetics. Concentrations of TNF-α and IL-6 in the CD samples determined using the fully-automated, multiplex Simoa assay had good correlation with the manual, single-plex assays previously reported. Drug treatment caused reductions in the mean concentration of all 6 cytokines in the plasma of CD patients. The concentrations of 4 cytokines were significantly higher in diabetics compared to healthy controls. The system could enable the widespread, multiplexed measurement of protein biomarkers with low abundance.