Publications & Posters

Development of novel ultra-sensitive IL-11 target engagement assays to support mechanistic PK/PD modeling for an anti-IL-11 antibody therapeutic

mAbs | August 2, 2022

Myzithras, M., Lin, S., Radden, L., Hess Kenny, C., Cai, Z., MacDonald, A., Binetti, R., Marlow, M., Fracasso, P., Gibson, G., Bartlett, C., Hawkins, J. and Hansel, S.

mAbs, 14:1

This study was performed using the Quanterix HD-1 Analyzer.

This study was performed using Simoa Homebrew assay(s).


An in-house antibody generation campaign identified a diverse, high affinity set of anti-interleukin-11 (IL-11) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to enable successful development of novel, custom ultra-sensitive target engagement assays for detection of “free” (unbound to the dosed anti-IL-11 therapeutic mAb) and “total” (free and mAb-IL-11 complexed form) IL-11 in preclinical species and human. Antibody hits from distinct epitope communities were screened on various platforms, including enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Meso Scale Discovery, Simoa HD-1 and Simoa Planar Array (SP-X), and used for assay development and sensitivity optimization. The ultra-sensitive SP-X format achieved a lower limit of quantitation of 0.006 pg/mL, enabling the first reported baseline levels of IL-11 in healthy control plasma determined by custom bioanalytical assays. These newly established baseline levels supported mechanistic pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modeling in mouse, cynomolgus monkey, and human for a greater understanding of preclinical study design and in vivo dynamic interaction of soluble IL-11 with an anti-IL-11 antibody therapeutic candidate. Modeling and simulation also helped refine the utility of assays with respect to their potential use as target engagement biomarkers in the clinic.