AVX-470, an Orally Delivered Anti-Tumour Necrosis Factor Antibody for Treatment of Active Ulcerative Colitis: Results of a First-in-Human Trial.
JOURNAL OF CROHN’S & COLITIS | JANUARY 26, 2016
Harris MS, Hartman D, Lemos BR, Erlich EC, Spence S, Kennedy S, Ptak T, Pruitt R, Vermeire S and Fox BS
Journal of Crohn’s & Colitis
Background and Aims:
AVX-470 is an oral, polyclonal bovine-derived anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) antibody in development for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). AVX-470 neutralizes TNF locally in the gastrointestinal tract, minimizing systemic exposure. This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, first-in-human trial designed to assess the safety, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity and preliminary efficacy of 4 weeks of AVX-470 in patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC).
Thirty-seven patients with active UC were randomized and 36 received AVX-470 (0.2, 1.6 or 3.5g/day) or placebo over 4 weeks. Endoscopic activity was assessed by colonoscopy pre- and post-treatment. The primary endpoint was safety. Secondary endpoints included pharmacokinetics and immunogenicity. Clinical and endoscopic response and remission were assessed as exploratory endpoints.
Thirty-three (92%) patients completed treatment and follow-up. The incidence of adverse events was similar across treatment groups and no allergic reactions or opportunistic infections were reported. AVX-470 therapy did not induce human anti-bovine antibodies (HABA). Bovine immunoglobulin (Ig) with TNF binding capacity was detected in stool, while bovine Ig levels in serum were low. Across all AVX-470 doses, 25.9% of patients achieved clinical response compared with 11.1% on placebo, with greatest improvements in the 3.5g/day group associated with proximal colon endoscopic improvement and reductions in serum CRP and IL-6.
AVX-470 was safe and well tolerated in this first-in-human trial in UC, with efficacy trends for clinical, endoscopic and biomarker endpoints in the highest dose group (3.5g/day). Results suggest benefit of an orally delivered locally active agent in moderate to severe UC.
Clinical Trial Registration Number:
This trial was registered with Clinicaltrials.gov as study NCT01759056 and with EudraCT as study 2012-004859-27.